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The worldsoldest wooden building

The Buddhist temple Horyu-ji, in Japan, is composed of several buildings. Its five-story wood-and-stucco pagoda, originally built in 607, stands out as the oldest wooden construction in the world: it is more than 1,400 years old.

This pagoda has a height of almost 33 meters. Each of the five floors of the pagoda represents one of the elements of classical Japanese cosmology: land, water, wood, wind and sky.

The temple was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and Japan designated it a national treasure.